Every school-child in China, Taiwan and other Chinese places, learns already early on about their original Chinese patriarchs and their histories. But the most ancient Chinese history has become quite embellished over 4 1/2 thousand years and changed into mythology. As a result the 21st Century Chinese are quite confused about their earliest primo-genitors, and if it weren’t for a very interesting discovery that this article reveals, their earliest patriarchs would have stayed obscure until the end of time.
AN INTRODUCTION TO CHINESE HISTORY & MYTHOLOGY:
The “Sān Huáng Wǔ Dì”
The earliest records speak of “Sān Huáng Wǔ Dì”, meaning the “Three August Ones, or Three Sovereigns or Kings” and the “Five Emperors.” These 3+5 god-kings or demigods purportedly used their magical powers to improve the lives of their people. Because of their lofty virtue, they lived to a great age and ruled over a period of great peace.
The three Sovereigns are generally denoted as Fu Xi, Nü Wa, and Shen Nong Shi, but in other literary sources Nü Wa is often replaced by Huang Di, one of the five Emperors. Actually, depending on the source, there are six to seven known variations of who classifies as the three Sovereigns or the Five Emperors. Many of these sources were written long after the actual events, during much later dynasties. Hence the distortion.
HUANG DI (Emperor Huang)
Huang Di or “Yellow Emperor” (Huang is his family name!) is considered more legendary than mythical, as he is considered a real historical character and the first emperor before the earliest Chinese Xia Dynasty, whereas Fu Xi, Nü Wa, and Shen Nong Shi are considered mythical, as very little is known about these three elusive personages.
The Yellow Emperor , also named Xuan Yuan Shi, was chief of the legendary Five Emperors. Huang Di is regarded as the primogenitor of the Chinese nation together with his brother Emperor Yan Di, and so later generations of Chinese claim themselves to be “Yan Huang Zi Sun” (offspring of the Emperor Huang and Emperor Yan).
Present Chinese academic circles universally claim that the Yellow Emperor was born in You Xiong (present Xin Zheng of He Nan Province), and was buried in Qiao Shan of Shaan Xi (in present Huang Ling County). Huang Di and Yan Di were both patriarchs of the first two Chinese tribes. Later on these two tribes merged and became one again.
Early historian ‘Shi Ma Qian‘ (司馬遷 145 or 135 BC – 86 BC) stated that Huang Di actually was descended from Shen Nong Shi (Shen Nong for short), although about 8 to 17 generations down his bloodline. Yet in spite of the time distance between them, Huang Di was considered a friend and fellow scholar of Shen Nong, who is said to have lived a very long time. Obviously!
SHEN NONG (meaning Divine/God Farmer!)
Shen Nong seems to have fit more in the time frame of Fu Xi & Nü Wa, as he is considered one of the Three August Kings. Yet he also, is considered as the earliest patriarch of the Chinese tribes, and more than that! Shen Nong seemed to have been a very erudite character, who had many notable achievements to his name. He was considered “father” of agriculture, inventor of the plow and of the world-famous Chinese medicines, which he tested on himself. As the legend goes, Shen Nong’s skin was transparent, and so he could observe the effects of the herbs he tested, through his skin!
He is said to have tasted hundreds of herbs to test their medical value. The most well-known work attributed to Shen Nong is the The Divine Farmer’s Herb-Root Classic.
Chinese Tea, which acts as an antidote against the poisonous effects of some seventy herbs, is also said to be one of his discoveries. In 2737 B.C., Shennong first tasted tea from tea leaves on burning tea twigs, which were carried up from the fire by the hot air, and landed in his cauldron of boiling water. And thus Shen Nong is venerated as the Father of Chinese medicine. He is also believed to have introduced the technique of acupuncture.
The characters Fu Xi lit. mean “lie prostrate” & “sacrifice”. In Nü Wa, Nü literally means ‘female’, whereas ‘Wa’ has no meaning. Contrary to Shen Nong and Huang Di, Fu Xi and Nü Wa are a rather obscure and distant couple in the misty fog of Chinese antiquity, and only very little is known about them!
In yet another version of the more than 400 global flood stories, the Chinese legend tells how the world was swept by a Great Flood, and only Fu Xi and his sister NüWa survived. They then retired to Kunlun Mountain where they prayed for a sign from the Emperor of Heaven. The divine being approved their union and the siblings set about to procreate the human race all over again. It was told of them that in order to speed up the natural procreation of humans, Fu Xi and Nüwa found an additional way by using clay to create human figures, and with divine power entrusted to them, they made these figures come alive.
The new father of humanity Fu Xi then came to rule over his descendants, although reports of his long reign vary between sources. He is supposed to have lived mid 29th century BC, or 2.900 BC, which is very close to the timing of the Biblical flood of about 2.500 BC. Nü Wa after surviving the great flood, “fixed the broken sky/heaven (Tian) with either five or seven colored stones.”
Now the three earliest Chinese historians mentioned Nü Wa. The fourth, the noted Chinese historian Si Ma Qian (in the Shiji, Chapter Benji or prologue) clearly identifies Nüwa as a man with the last name of Feng. [Update: since the publishing of this article, the historical new-speak gatekeeper service Wicked Pedia has a new addition to their Nü Wa section, a statement without source or proof, that the honorable translator of Sima Qian...
"Herbert James Allen erroneously translated Tang dynasty historian Sima Zhen's interpolated prologue to the Han dynasty Sima Qian's Shiji. In one of his more serious flaws, Nüwa was described as male even though the Nü (女) in the name means female and the wa (媧) also contains the female radical. ]“
Why does obfuscating WP dislike Allen’ s translation? Read on and get the full picture!
Some scholars consider Nüwa a tribal leader (or emperor); others consider the name Nüwa a title. Only after the fourth (Si Ma Qian) Nü Wah was suddenly cast into a woman’s role, and became known as Fu Xi’s wife! Over time these histories grew into even more bizarre myths, as the two of them are still proudly reported by Chinese people today, as being half dragons! Their early depictions as a couple shows both of them with intertwined reptilian tails. (see picture at the top) The legend goes as follows:
Nüwa As Repairer of the “Wall of Heaven!” *
The earliest literary role seems to be the upkeep and maintenance of the Wall of Heaven*, whose collapse would obliterate everything. [Note the association with Flood traditions.] There was a quarrel between two of the more powerful gods, and they decided to settle it with a fight. When the water god Gong Gong saw that he was losing, he smashed his head against Mount Buzhou (不周山), a pillar holding up the sky. The pillar collapsed and caused the sky to tilt towards the northwest and the earth to shift to the southeast. This caused great floods and suffering to the people. Nüwa cut off the legs of a giant tortoise and used them to supplant the fallen pillar, alleviating the situation and sealing the broken sky using stones of seven different colours, but she was unable to fully correct the tilted sky. This explains the phenomenon that sun, moon, and stars move towards the northwest, and that rivers in China flow southeast into the Pacific Ocean. (this account is similar to the Huainanzi account; it was added as The Upkeep and Maintenance of Heaven)
Other versions of the story describe Nüwa going up to heaven and filling the gap with her body (half human half serpent) and thus stopping the flood. According to this legend some of the minorities in South-Western China hail Nüwa as their goddess and some festivals such as the ‘Water-Splashing Festival’ are in part a tribute to her sacrifices.
* In the famous Sumerian “Epic of Gilgamesh, half dragon; their glory is terrifying; their stare strikes death into men, their shining halo sweeps the mountains that guard the rising sun”.’s ark landed approximately 300 meters from the huge limestone cliff face of what it called “The Wall of Heaven” ” In this epic, the hero Gilgamesh is en route to Utnapishtim, [Sumerian name of ] the one mortal to achieve immortality, that Gilgamesh comes to Mashu “the great mountain, which guards the rising and setting sun. Its twin peaks are as high as the wall of heaven and its roots reach down to the underworld. At its gate the Scorpions stand guard, half man and
The ancient Chinese were either familiar with the Epic of Gilgamesh and adopted its symbolisms, but more likely with the Ancient Indian/Dravidian version of the ubiquitous 400 ethnic Flood stories, as some scholars found evidence that the earliest Xia dynasty may have been dark (black?) people from Dravidian origins in India, where Noah was called “MaNu” and his three sons Charma, Sharma and Yapeti! (Ham, Shem, Japheth!)
NU who came from the ocean as a fish with a fish tail, (Fish Nu!) to save himself from an impending global deluge! We find a similar symbolism in the early Sumerian demi-god Oannes, who emerged from the sea half fish/half man and taught humans civilisation and culture! Wow! Humans sure love to embellish factual reports!was instructed by the god Vish
We also like to rectify a common misinterpretation of an ancient Chinese historical account of a “flood that reached the heavens” in the Chinese “Book of History” during the reign of the Emperor Yao, a flood that filled the valleys to the mountaintops and took ten years to irrigate. This 2345 BC flood was not the Global Flood, and the civil servant named Da (great!) Yu was neither Fu Xi, Nüwa nor Noah, but a Chinese hero who did something about the flooded lowlands in China AFTER the Great Global Flood by irrigation works. In the Shu-Qing (ibid., Section V) Yu, a Chinese engineer and administrator addresses Emperor Yao saying:
“When the floods were lifted to the heavens, spreading far and wide, surrounding the hills and submerging the mounds, so that the common people were bewildered and dismayed… I drained off the nine channels, directing them into the four seas; I dug out ditches and canals and brought them into the rivers.”
Thus far early Chinese mythology, legends, or history of the Chinese tribes. More on Chinese mythology here. But lets continue on to the amazing discovery that brings sense to the myths!
MIAO LEGEND SHEDS LIGHT ON CHINESE HISTORY
The ‘Miau Tso’/'Miao Zu’/ ‘Miao people’ of Southern China originally settled in Kiangsi province, from where they were later driven out by the Han Chinese. A certain Miao tribe claims in fact that they are not themselves of Chinese stock, but insist that they are descended from Japheth, one of the three sons of Noah, i.e. of Indo-European descent!
How do the Miao know that?
Like the Chinese, the Miao are yet another ancient nation that remembers some of their earliest patriarchs. Not just that, but they possess surprisingly accurate recollections of the Creation, the Flood, and even of theand its confusion of languages! Many of the finer details of their accounts coincide almost identically with the Biblical record in Moses’ Book of .
They were found to already possess this knowledge in the form of ancient couplets, when they for the first time encountered Western missionaries. The oral traditions in which the descent of the Miao was preserved, owe their purity to the fact that they have been recited faithfully and in full at funerals, weddings, and other public occasions for thousands of years, since time immemorial. Thus they are able to reproduce the earliest names of their primogenitors.
Now here’s the corker! They coincide not only accurately with the Hebrew Bible, but also clear up mythical details of the earliest, mystifying Chinese mythology.
According to the Miao, we all descended from the First Man, whose Miao name translated in English means “Nu Ah! Virtually identical names. And Nu-Ah was married to a lady called “Ga Bo Lu En”
But that’s not all. Noah, who survived the Great worldwide Flood, had three sons called Ham, Shem and Japheth. In the Miao record, Nu Ah had also three sons, called Lo Han, Lo Shen, and Lo Ya Phu. Again virtually identical, with Lo meaning something like “Lao” in Chinese, meaning “old” or “venerable one”, like Lao Zi, for example, the famous father of Taoism.
Even the children and grandchildren of Noah’s three sons are amazingly similar. According to Genesis, Ham had Cush and Mizraim, Shem had Elam and Asshur, while Jafeth had Gomer! According to Miao record, Lo Han had Cusah and Mesay, Lo Shen had Elan and Ngasshur, whereas Lo Ya Phu had GoMen, from whom this particular Miao tribe claims to have descended.
MIAO RECORD CLARIFIES SHEN NONG & Nü WA
The Miao have always had close contact with the Han Chinese, especially before they were driven out, and six of the Miao tribes actually mixed in with the Chinese. Some of these names like Nu-Ah and Lo Shen, are amazingly similar to two of the Three Sovereigns’ names, to wit: Nü-Wa and Shen Nong!
Now when we compare these two Chinese primogenitors’ names in the light of the far more accurate Miao record, plus the even more accurate Biblical record (because of the Hebrews’ rigorous copy rules), we come to amazing conclusions removing much of the fog around these personages Nü-Wa and Shen-Nong. Why? Because they are obviously the same people!
The Miao Zu, the Sudanese, the original Hawaiians, Hottentots, and Hebrews, all named the survivor of the Great Flood respectively Nu-Ah, Nu-Uh, Noh and Noah! But why then did later Chinese historians change Nü Wa, who with Fu Xi also survived a great flood, after many generations into a woman? How did that happen?
Whenever one does historical comparison, the preponderance of the facts in the records destines what is most historical. Obviously the Chinese Nü-Wa was originally male! So why did they change him into a her? I think the obvious answer to that riddle lies in the Chinese characters for Noah, that were chosen, not to convey meaning, as WP foolishly surmises, but the sound of the man’s name! Nü however is also Chinese for “female” while the character Wa also happens to contain the Nü radical in it! That is the most likely reason why later Chinese historians got confused by two Nü characters and so jumped to conclusions that Nü Wa was a female! “She” even became the sister, mother, girlfriend and wife of Fu Xi! But actually the characters were chosen for the original sound of Noah’s name! Hence the confusion.
NOW WHO COULD ‘FU XI’ BE?
If we look at the meaning of the characters Fu and Xi, as its sound does not coincide at all with any of the other historical records, unless it is a bastardisation of Vishnu?, we get the following meanings: “Fu” means “lying prostrate” and “Xi” has the meaning of “sacrifice.” The picture arises of a man lying prostrate in front of an animal sacrifice.
According to both the Miao and Hebrew records, after Noah’s Ark had landed, he ordered that his family should present a great thanksgiving sacrifice to God, and so they offered and barbecued some animals. Is it possible that Noah’s original name in Chinese, was the honorable “Fu Xi Nü-Wa“, meaning the “Prostrating Sacrificer Noah”?
Is it perhaps also possible that originally Fu meant Father Noah? Was the character Fu changed perhaps from Fu meaning “father” to Fu meaning “prostrate”, around the same time when Nü-Wa was turned female, and that Fu Xi Nü-Wa was suddenly spliced into two people? Only God knows what really happened. Is that perhaps also the reason why their tails were entwined?
But the most interesting and IMHO most likely explanation for the names Fu Xi Nü-Wa, is when you consider the Chinese accent and its bastardisation of non-Chinese accents. A “bus” in Chinese becomes “Ba Su” for example. Now the Chinese may have been aware of the name NüWa through the Han legends coming like Noe, Nuh, Nu-Uh or Noach from the Middle East and Babylon originally. But the Xia (dynasty) most likely brought the concept of fish tailedinto China. Now when those early Chinese tried to pronounce Vish-Nu, it probably came out very similar to Fishi Nüwa or FuXi-NüWa. And that makes a whole lot of sense in the light of Chinese pronunciation. And perhaps the Dravidian/Indian name VishNu was itself a bastardisation of NuAh, the common patriarch of us all, mixed with some of that fish-man Oannes influence! We’ll find out in the Heavenly Museum of REAL History! Ha!
And why did Fu Xi & Nü-Wa live such long lives, as Shen Nong did too? Because, according to the most detailed and accurate Biblical account in Genesis, Noah, his wife, and three sons, lived to amazing old ages. According to the‘Sibylline Oracles’, even the wives of Shem, Ham & Japheth also enjoyed fantastically long life-spans, living for centuries! Noah lived almost a thousand years, totally 950 years in fact! 600 years until the Flood began, and 350 after!
Shem (Lo-Shen or Shen Nong Shi) lived a total of 600 years, according to Genesis. If you divide 600 years by a generation of 35-40 years, you easily arrive at a total of 15 or 17 generations. Huang Di was purportedly a distant descendant of Shen Nong, while also his friend and fellow scholar! Well, if he was 7-18 generations removed from Shem or Shen Nong, that would have been very possible being Shem’s great (17 times) -grandchild.
Shem is considered the forefather of most Asians and of some European tribes. The following are the haplo DNA groups found in nations all over the world. You see that the (blue D) Southern Chinese and (orange O) Han Chinese belong to different groups. (And most originating in the Middle East where Noah landed his ark in Eastern Turkey on the mountains of Ararat!)
There are many legends about Fuxi and Nü-Wa recorded in several ancient Chinese books such as ‘Book of Changes’, ‘Elegies of Chu’, ‘Writings of Prince Huai Nan’ and the ‘Book of Mountains and Seas’. These legends were all passed on orally until written down, but sadly not via rhyming stanzas, yet their impact is very wide and profound. Now the leading aspects and basic facts of these myths become very meaningful in this new Miao and other inter-ethnic context.
Story has it, that Fu Xi is not only the clan leader in the east and the chief of the three sage kings and five virtuous emperors of China at the dawn of human civilization, but also an omnipotent wise man capable of various kinds of skills. He created the Eight Diagrams and simulated the spider to weave fishing net. He was not only able to make musical instruments, but also good at cooking tasty food. Moreover, he contributed a lot to the traditional Chinese medicine and was the forefather of Chinese civilization. He also formulated etiquette’s and regulations for people, reducing the barbaric marriage by plundering. All that could easily be said of the Patriarch Noah as well!
Nü-Wa, during the remote legendary period of China, had powerful abilities. It is said that when a great flood took place that the heaven collapsed, and the earth sank under water, while wild beasts cruelly killed common people. Then Nü-Wa repaired the heaven/sky (same character Tian!) with five or seven colored rocks and killed the brutal beasts.
All this coincides nicely with the Hebrew scriptures, where the windows of heaven were broken open! After the flood reached its peak they were closed up, and after the water had retreated God showed Noah a beautiful seven-colored rainbow in that broken sky! It seemed to have appeared for the first time in history, the earth being newly covered with clouds!
Most likely some special ante-diluvial condition prevented clouds or water vapour projecting a rainbow, as well as a clear view of the sun which for some odd reason suddenly became much more visible! So much so that Noah’s global descendants, mostly those fathered by the family rebel Ham even began to worship it, and him as “Hamon Ra the Sun God!”
Instead of worshipping the saving God of their Grandfather Noah, they became ardent Sun worshippers! Egyptians, Canaanites, those early megalith builders in Peru, Mexico, Atlantis, Dwarka, China, and in many other places all over the globe, they all began to worship “that magnificent red sun” shining between the horns of their beloved “mother of all life!” The Holy Cow! Now you know where India got that idea via their Dwarka civilisation! From Ham and his Pharaohs!
They even had special sun boxes in many megalithic structures and the solar Temple of Amon-Ra at Karnak (Thebes – at present, Luxor city) in Egypt built some time after 2000 B.C. near the present day Luxor was located in such a way as to align with the summer solstice sunrise and is considered the day of the “manifestation of Ra”.
Yet for all she tried Nü-Wa could not fix the “tilt of the sky” and winter, spring, summer, and fall became permanent! Obviously there was no tilt in the Earth’s axis before the Deluge, as witnessed in the wood-sample found in the mysterious ship-shape in Armenia many believe to be the 5000 year old remains of Noahs’ Ark. That wood has no rings in it!
Nü-Wa and Fu Xi also used clay to create humans and human society by simulating their own appearance. That makes sense when you consider that all of us are the offspring of Noah and his wife, their children created in their likeness!
Nü-Wa also invented a kind of musical instrument called reed pipe wind instrument so that she is esteemed as a musical goddess. Moreover, she created the marriage system to enable humans to multiply offspring, so she is called the marriage goddess, which is very likely, because of her being the mother of all resultant humans. I’m sure they all wanted to be married by Noah and his wife!
And so, all this taken into consideration, everything certainly starts to make a lot more sense than some of the myths and embellishments that sprung up in the minds of the early Chinese storytellers long ago. You can hardly blame them, not having any other comparative historical records to consult with, as we have today.
Again, evidence has come to light that Noah, Shem, Ham & Japheth were real historical people, who built a real historical boat, and survived a real genuine global flood, no matter what skeptic intellectuals are saying against it in the name of “science” falsely so-called. Certainly not my kind of science!
But there is one even more important thing we can conclude from all this, and that is that we need to remember that we are all one family! And that we, as Chinese or Westerners, should all reverence and respect our great great great great great grandfather “Fu Xi Nü Wa” and his Father God! And each and every one of us as well, for we all turn out to be brothers and sisters! True or not?
God bless you brother! God bless you sister! Love and Peace! Lu.
PS: Another devastating result of proving the actual historicity of the by more than 500 ethnic legends transmitted Global Flood, would be the following:
SOME food for thought!
FLOOD STORY ACCORDING TO MIAO ZU SONG
So it poured forty days in sheets and in torrents.
Then fifty-five days of misting and drizzle.
The waters surmounted the mountains and ranges.
The deluge ascending leaped valley and hollow.
An earth with no earth upon which to take refuge!
A world with no foothold where one might subsist!
The people were baffled, impotent and ruined,
Despairing, horror stricken, diminished and finished.
But the Patriarch Nuah was righteous.
The Matriarch Gaw Bo-lu-en upright.
Built a boat very wide.
Made a ship very vast.
Their household entire got aboard and were floated,
The family complete rode the deluge in safety.
The animals with him were female and male.
The birds went along and were mated in pairs.
When the time was fulfilled, God commanded the waters.
The day had arrived, the flood waters receded.
Then Nuah liberated a dove from their refuge,
Sent a bird to go forth and bring again tidings.
The flood had gone down into lake and to ocean;
The mud was confined to the pools and the hollows.
There was land once again where a man might reside;
There was a place in the earth now to rear habitations.
Buffalo then were brought, an oblation to God,
Fatter cattle became sacrifice to the Mighty.
The Divine One then gave them His blessing;
Their God then bestowed His good graces.
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Watch the beauty of the Miao people.
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